Thursday, 17 of January of 2019

Category » ACL Injuries

Don’t Be a Weekend Warrior This Memorial Day



COPD_Home_Remedies_Slide_3This coming weekend, millions of Americans will celebrate Memorial Day with a weekend of social and recreational activities list. Whatever your plans are it’s important to remember not to overdo it physically and wind up with an injury.  A sedentary lifestyle with a burst of activity on Saturday, Sunday and holidays, falls into the category of weekend warrior.

Whether you’ll enjoy 18 holes of golf, an aggressive game of tennis with friends, showing the kids that you can still hold your own on the water skis, or tackling all the house and yard projects that you’ve put off for a while, a little common sense will prevent post-weekend musculoskeletal aches and pains – or worse.

According to the orthopedic experts at the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, “people with sports injuries—led by boomers—are now the No. 2 group coming into the doctor’s office, behind those complaining of a cold.”

The most common weekend warrior injuries fall into the following categories: 

Ankle sprain: Accidentally turning the foot inward can stretch or tear the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. It’s a common sports injury but can also result from just stepping down off something incorrectly.

Shin splints: Runners frequently experience shin splints, which causes pain down the front of the lower legs. In extreme cases, it could actually be a stress fracture, a tiny break in the shinbone.

Hamstring strain: The hamstrings are the muscles in the back of the thigh. Running, playing soccer, doing aerobics and similar activities can overstretch these muscles.

Tennis elbow: Repetitive use of the arm and elbow can inflame and irritate the tendon in the elbow, causing tiny tears in the tissue.  Tennis and golf players frequently complain about this injury, but it can also be a problem for painters, gardeners and carpenters.

Knee injuries: Knee injuries usually fall into three categories: ACL tear, meniscus tear and kneecap injury. An ACL tear means the anterior cruciate ligament is torn, sometimes the result of a quick stop that strains the ligament. A meniscus tear means the cartilage that cushions the bones in the knee joint is torn, while a kneecap or patellofemoral syndrome is caused by a repetitive movement of the kneecap against the thigh bone or femur, which irritates and inflames the tissue. Running, volleyball, basketball and activities that involve a lot of squatting like weight lifting and gardening can put the knees at risk.

In most cases, sports injuries can be relieved with ice and over the counter anti-inflammatory medication, as well as taking a break or rest from the activity until it’s healed. Knee injuries can be more serious and may need to be evaluated by the doctor.

For more information about musculoskeletal injuries and treatment, visit

Orthopedic Conditions Specific to Women




shutterstock_107013878 copyIn honor of Mother’s Day this Sunday, May 12, Dr. John Kagan and his staff join families everywhere in recognizing and appreciating the vital role mothers play in our lives. It’s also the perfect time to discuss the type of orthopedic injuries that women are more at risk for than men, primarily due to biomechanical and structural differences.

According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, studies show women have a greater tendency to develop ACL injuries, patellofemoral pain syndrome,  also called runner’s knee, as well as stress fractures. In addition, women are at higher risk for hip fractures with advancing age. Here’s an overview of each of these conditions.

The ACL is a rubber-band like connecting tissue that attaches the bone in the upper leg (the femur) with the bone in the lower leg (the tibia). The ACL stabilizes the knee. Women athletes tend to have more ACL injuries primarily because they put greater stress on their knee due to several factors – their knees more frequently  “turn in” toward the body than men; women tend to jump and run with the feet in a more rigid position; and they bend their knees less when jumping and landing.

Patellofemoral pain in the knee usually occurs at the front of the knee, with women complaining of burning or aching especially when bending, squatting, running or climbing stairs. Like ACL pain, this condition is also related to structural differences in women’s bodies, such as greater pelvis width and muscle imbalances or misalignment.

Stress fractures are usually related to overuse but may also be a consequence of poor bone density. The AAOS reports that a stress fracture occurs when the muscles become over-fatigued and transfer the stress to the bone, which can cause tiny cracks in the bone. Most stress fractures occur in the lower leg or foot. Athletic activities in which the foot continually strikes the ground, such as running, tennis, basketball and gymnastics place women at higher risk for stress fractures.

Hip fractures are a serious concern for the elderly, in particular women age 80 and over. According to the Mayo Clinic, menopause can accelerate bone loss, increasing the risk of weak, brittle bones. Muscle mass also decreases with.

The best prevention for sports injuries is to avoid overdoing it. If pain develops, take a break from the activity and ice the injury.  If pain persists, call the doctor for an evaluation to prevent chronic, long-term problems. Proper training and strengthening exercises can be beneficial in correcting imbalances.

To keep bones healthy no matter what your age, the best prevention is to stay active, eat a healthy diet and continue to exercise appropriately.

For more information about orthopedic-related injuries and the treatment options, go to 

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